Counselling refers to a general practicing and providing mental health services. It includes physical, mental, emotional, social and developmental issues in an individual occurring in different stages of ones life. It focuses on those severe issues and stressors with which an individual struggles in his/her personal life as well as in family, groups and organisations.
The psychologist analyses the core problem, intervene between the client and the problem, try and alleviate the reasons of distress and eventually solves the crises. The process of counselling also provides an individual with the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of all the psychological or mental health problems and their respective symptoms.
Counselling is a special field in the subject psychology that includes research and applied work in the areas of training, supervision, prevention, health, adjustment in its unique situation.
Counselling incorporates the solution of number of issues related to ones physical, mental, emotional, social and developmental perspectives. Some of the concerns are work adjustment, school adjustment, career settlement, relationship (marital and family) difficulties, skill deficits, learning problems, lack of concentration, irrational behavior, coping with negative life events, stress management, physical disability, social adjustment, identity development, mental disorders etc.
Counselling includes a relationship between two individuals in which one of them is the therapist who have professional knowledge and skills. On the other hand, the other one is the client who is suffering from dis-adjustment and other mental problems. Both of them come in an intentional, dynamic and professional relationship in order to solve client’s problem.
The relationship between client and a counsellor also includes transference and countertransference. Transference refers to unconscious feelings and emotions towards counsellor from the client due to his/her past experiences, whereas countertransference means the unconscious feelings from counsellor to client.
Counselling process includes a proper procedure to treat an individual with deviation to his/her normality. The five major steps are:
- Rapport formation.
- Assessing the root cause of the problem.
- Setting of counselling goals.
- Intervention between the client and problem in order to resolve it.
- Termination and follow up.
Tools and Techniques
Some of the major counselling tools and techniques which can be applied to its appropriate situations are:
- Cognitive and behavioral therapies.
- Psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies.
- Humanistic therapies.
- Art therapies.
- Family therapies.
Major merits of counselling may be that a person:
- Feel better about himself/herself.
- Feeling peaceful and comfortable with routine activities.
- Reduces stress.
- Able to connect with others with ease.
- Identify, strive and can achieve goals of life.
- Reduces physical, mental and emotional stressors.
- Understand one’s own thoughts, feelings and responses.
- Achieve greater level of self fulfillment.
- Live a happier and healthier life.
Do not take any mental issue for granted!
Ask for professional help!
Consult a Psychologist!
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